29 Vegetable Names in English to Quickly Grow Your Food Vocabulary (2023)

29 Vegetable Names in English to Quickly Grow Your Food Vocabulary (1)

By 29 Vegetable Names in English to Quickly Grow Your Food Vocabulary (2)caileyjohanna Last updated:

Did you know that there are around 20,000 types of edible (something you can eat) plants? Before you freak out and think, how in the world am I going to master 20,000 vegetable names in English, you should know that only about 20 vegetables make up 90% of the plant-based portion of the average diet. Learning the English words for some of the most common vegetables is an essential (important) part of learning English vocabulary. I mean, you definitely want to know what you’re ordering or eating, right? In the English language, it’s a bit unclear what the difference is between a vegetable and a fruit. Don’t worry though, we’ll clear this up for you! And in the end, you’ll have learned 29vegetable names in English.

Download: This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you can take anywhere. Click here to get a copy. (Download)

What Makes a Vegetable a Vegetable?

A short definition of a vegetable is a plant that we eat. The label “vegetable” includes a lot of different edible plants, and also many that you might have thought were fruits. According to Healthline, vegetables are the leaves, roots and stems of the plants that we eat. The word vegetable is more of a culinary (cooking) term, though. We separate fruits and vegetables mainly because fruits are usually sweet or sour, while vegetables are often blander (not full of flavor) and are used in savory (not sweet) recipes. Because there’s an ongoing debate (argument) on whether some edible plants are really vegetables or fruits, I’ve separated the “vegetables” on this following list based on what part of the plant they’re from. Details aside, the list below includes many common vegetables that are used in kitchens across the United States and the United Kingdom.

Why You Should Learn English Vegetable Names

Before we list out some of the most common vegetable names in English, let’s take a moment to think about why it’s important to learn the English names of vegetables in the first place.

  • To know what youordered at a restaurant.You probably want to know what’s in the meal you just ordered!
  • To ask for a specific type of vegetable in the grocery store. It’s more difficult to ask for something when you don’t know what it’s called.
  • To follow a recipe and cook a delicious meal. Nothing will mess up a recipe quicker than mixing up your ingredients. You can save yourself a lot of frustration by learning some vegetable names.
  • To have simple conversations about food. In any language, people love talking about food especially when in small talk situations!

How to Practice Vegetable Names in English

The list of 29 vegetables names in English I’m about to share with you is a great start! But, you’ll need to practice this new vocabulary in order to master it. You can do just that by using some of these resources.

English-Learn Online

This website has several vegetable quizzes, games and practice exercises. You can start by reading through their vocabulary lists. Then, practice with the flashcard option. And, once you feel ready, you can test yourself with the example sentences and quizzes that are available.

British Council

Similar to English-Learn Online, British Council has a website with a few different ways to practice, such as matching vegetables names to their pictures.British Council also gives you plenty of opportunities (chances) to practice your reading and spelling skills. By spending some time on this website, you’ll become more familiar and confident with vegetable names in English.

Root Vegetables

Root vegetables are edible plants that grow underground (in the dirt or soil). They’re a good source of healthy carbohydrates, and surprisingly most of the nutrients (vitamins and minerals) come from their skin. Root vegetables are also an excellent source of energy.

1. Beet

(Video) Vegetables#cartoon with masti all

In the United Kingdom, beets are called beetroot. Beet juice can also be used as a natural red dye for fabric or food coloring.

2. Radish

3.Potato

Did you know that there are over 2,000 different types of potatoes that are grown in 160 countries around the world?

4.Sweet Potato

5. Carrot

Carrots contain beta carotene, which helps keep your eyes healthy.

6. Garlic

7. Onion

Make sure you brush your teeth after eating onion (and garlic)!

Stem Vegetables

As the name suggests, stem vegetables are the above-ground stem or stalk of a plant. Stem vegetables are almost entirely (all) edible, so there’s a lot less food waste than with some other vegetables.

8. Asparagus

(Video) Fruits name and Vegetables name/ 20 Fruits name and Vegetables name

9. Rhubarb

If you ever get the chance to try a slice of rhubarb pie, don’t pass it up!

10. Celery

Leafy Greens

Vegetables that are the leaves of plants are often called leafy greens or salad greens. There are over 1,000 known types of edible leaves. Leafy vegetables are low in calories and high in nutrients. They’re easy to grow in a garden and should be part of your daily diet.

11. Lettuce

There are over a dozen (12) different types of lettuce, including bib lettuce, curly endive, romaine and iceberg.

12. Spinach

13. Kale

Kale is the king of nutrient-dense (full of nutrients) leafy greens and is considered a superfood (food that has a lot of vitamins and minerals). Kale is really delicious (tasty) in salad and soups.

14. Cabbage

15. Arugula

Arugula is a flavorful dark leafy green that’s called by many other names, such as rocket, colewort, roquette, rucoli and rucola.

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Head or Flower Vegetables

These vegetables are the edible flowers or heads of plants. Many of these vegetables are high in Vitamins C and K. They are best steamed or roasted (baked in the oven).

16. Broccoli

17. Artichoke

Artichokes are actually related to big, beautiful sunflowers!

18. Cauliflower

Vegetables That Are Actually Fruits

It might come as a surprise that there are many edible plant parts that are commonly thought to be vegetables but are actually fruits. While the following five vegetables are really fruits, they made this list because most people classify them as vegetables.

19. Tomato

If you love pizza and pasta, you probably also love tomatoes! This versatile (can be used in many different ways) vegetable is commonly used in Italian food and salads.

20. Cucumber

21. Avocado

You’ll probably won’t meet very many people in your life who don’t love or at least like avocados! This smooth, buttery and healthy “vegetable” is the key ingredient in guacamole.

22. Eggplant

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23. Pepper

There are all different types of peppers that range from sweet to dangerously spicy. A popular type of pepper is the bell pepper, which can be found in red, orange, yellow or green.

Squash

Squash also falls into the category of fruit. However, there are several kinds of squash, so a separate category has been created for them. Squash have seeds and grow from flowers. There are at least 16 types of squash commonly used in cooking.

24. Butternut Squash

25. Pumpkin

This hearty (healthy and filling) squash is delicious in soup. Pumpkins also make many people think of Halloween, the holiday when they are carved into jack-o’-lanterns (a hollowed-out pumpkin with a scary or funny face). Pumpkins are sometimes used in scary Halloween stories. These are stories that you can enjoy all year long.

26. Zucchini

Fungus

When we talk about edible fungi, we’re talking about mushrooms. Edible mushrooms can grow above and below the ground.Be careful not to eat just any mushroom you find outside, though, as many of them are toxic (harmful or deadly).

27. Portobello Mushroom

Portobello mushrooms are very large and are sometimes grilled to make portobello mushroom burgers.

28. Shiitake Mushroom

29. White Button Mushroom

(Video) THE BEST JOKE EVER 😂

These simple, white mushrooms make a great addition to pasta, pizza and salads, and are also great on their own, cooked with garlic.

Learning vocabulary, including vegetable names in English is like growing a garden. With a little hard work and patience, you’ll soon have an abundance (a lot) of vocabulary that you can use to communicate in your newly learned language!

Download: This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you can take anywhere. Click here to get a copy. (Download)

FAQs

What are 20 types of vegetables? ›

Types of Vegetables
ArtichokeArugulaAsparagus
Broccoli RabeBrussels SproutsButternut Squash
CabbageCarrotsCauliflower
ChivesCollard GreensCrookneck Squash
Dandelion GreensEggplantEndive
9 more rows
26 Apr 2022

What are 10 examples of vegetables? ›

Types of vegetables
  • leafy green – lettuce, spinach and silverbeet.
  • cruciferous – cabbage, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts and broccoli.
  • marrow – pumpkin, cucumber and zucchini.
  • root – potato, sweet potato and yam.
  • edible plant stem – celery and asparagus.
  • allium – onion, garlic and shallot.

How many English vegetables are there? ›

This is why we've compiled this list of 109 vegetables in English.

What are 7 examples of vegetables? ›

The root vegetables include beets, carrots, radishes, sweet potatoes, and turnips. Stem vegetables include asparagus and kohlrabi. Among the edible tubers, or underground stems, are potatoes. The leaf and leafstalk vegetables include brussels sprouts, cabbage, celery, lettuce, rhubarb, and spinach.

What are the 5 types of vegetables? ›

Based on their nutrient content, vegetables are organized into 5 subgroups: dark green; red and orange; beans, peas, and lentils; starchy; and other vegetables.

What are the 4 main types of vegetables? ›

Learn The 4 Types Of Vegetables: Root, Cruciferous, Greens & Nightshades.

Can I see a list of vegetables? ›

Stem vegetables include celery, kohlrabi, asparagus, hearts of palm, bamboo shoots and rhubarb. What are examples of leaf vegetables? Leaf vegetables include kale, spinach, lettuce, chard, beet greens, bok choi, endive, arugula, watercress and radicchio. What are examples of root vegetables?

Can I have a list of vegetables? ›

Check before buying!
  • Artichoke. Asparagus. Aubergene (eggplant) Avocado. Beet. Bok Choy. ...
  • Cauliflower. Celeriac. Celery. Chard (Red and Swiss) Chicory. Corn. ...
  • Jicama. Kale. Kohlrabi. Leeks. Arugula Lettuce. ...
  • Peas. Snap Sugar Peas. Snow Peas. Anaheim Peppers. Sweet peppers. ...
  • Acorn Squash. Butternut Squash. Patti Pan Squash. Spaghetti Squash. Swede.

What is a vegetable starting with D? ›

Dill. More of a herb than a vegetable, dill has wispy, fernlike green leaves, which are a tasty addition to salad dressings, fish dishes and pickles.

What vegetable or fruit starts with B? ›

What are some vegetables that start with B? Some vegetables beginning with b include: bamboo shoots, beans, bean sprouts, beets, broccoli, broccolini, bok choy, Brussels sprouts, and butternut squash.

What fruit or vegetable starts with N? ›

Nectarine.

Who is the king of the vegetable? ›

The brinjal was given the title of King of Vegetables because of its astonishingly awesome purple covering, and also the juicy and rich nutritional values in them. Eggplant, aubergine, and brinjal are members of the Solanaceae family.

Who is the queen of fruit? ›

It was, whether true or not, enough to earn the mangosteen the widely-accepted title as "the queen of fruits." The mangosteen has a rather illustrious history for a fruit that most Americans have never heard of.

What is the longest vegetable name? ›

Well, for a one word vegi, the longest name we came up with is Cauliflower.

Is Ginger a vegetable? ›

Vegetable, By Definition

Adhering to University of California Davis' definition of a fruit versus a vegetable, ginger is considered a vegetable, because it is the root of the ginger plant.

What are vegetables for kids? ›

Vegetables are the leaves, stems, roots, or other parts of certain plants that people eat. Vegetables usually come from herbaceous plants. Herbaceous plants have stems that are softer than the woody stems of bushes and trees. Many vegetables grow aboveground.

What are the 7 basic methods of cooking vegetables? ›

Vegetable techniques
  • Boiling. Boiling is fast and easy to control. ...
  • Steaming. Steaming vegetables is the best way of retaining flavour, colour and vital nutrients. ...
  • Blanching. ...
  • Roasting. ...
  • Stir-frying. ...
  • Griddling.

What are the 10 benefits of eating vegetables? ›

A diet rich in vegetables and fruits can lower blood pressure, reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke, prevent some types of cancer, lower risk of eye and digestive problems, and have a positive effect upon blood sugar, which can help keep appetite in check.

What are the 4 types of fruit? ›

The four types of fruit include: simple fruit, aggregate fruit, multiple fruit, and accessory fruit which is sometimes called false fruit.

What are the 5 uses of fruits? ›

The daily consumption of fresh fruits lowers the risk of strokes, high blood pressure, indigestion, cancer, heart disease, diabetes, and other chronic diseases. Some fruits like bananas contain vital chemicals such as potassium, which helps prevent strokes, high blood pressure, and anxiety.

Is Mushroom a vegetable? ›

Although mushrooms are classified as vegetables, technically they are not plants but part of the kingdom called fungi. However, they share some characteristics with plants and, as you will find out, even with animals! Mushrooms are low in calories, have virtually no fat and no cholesterol, and are very low in sodium.

How many vegetables are in the world? ›

How Many Varieties of Vegetables Are There? A recent study by Biodiversity International scientists identified a total of 1097 vegetable species cultivated worldwide.

What is the longest fruit name? ›

#1 Bob Gordon American elderberry (moschatel family – Adoxaceae) The longest-named fruit is a cultivated variety of the American elderberry (Sambucus canadensis L.) This cultivar was developed upon a wild variety found near Osceola, Missouri.

What is a vegetable that starts with an N? ›

Include all the vegetables that start with letter N such as New Zealand spinach, napa cabbage, nopal and nori in your everyday healthy diet, as they are low in calories and high in nutrients.

What's a vegetable that starts with K? ›

Kale. Kale is a leafy green vegetable and a member of the cabbage family. It's usually green but can also be purple. Kale can be boiled, steamed, fried, baked or even eaten raw!

What is a long green vegetable? ›

Spinach. Spinach is a popular leafy green vegetable with dark green, ovate leaves growing up to 12” (30 cm) long.

What's a vegetable that starts with E? ›

Escarole (also known as Bavarian endive, frisse, scarole, and broad-leaved endive) is a leafy green vegetable with curly, broad green leaves, and a slightly bitter flavor. It is in the chicory family along with frisée and endive.

Is potato a vegetable? ›

“Potatoes are put in the starchy vegetable category, due to the amount of carbohydrates they contain,” says Dunn. “But they are a type of vegetable and they contain plenty of vitamins and minerals.”

Can I have a list of vegetables? ›

Check before buying!
  • Artichoke. Asparagus. Aubergene (eggplant) Avocado. Beet. Bok Choy. ...
  • Cauliflower. Celeriac. Celery. Chard (Red and Swiss) Chicory. Corn. ...
  • Jicama. Kale. Kohlrabi. Leeks. Arugula Lettuce. ...
  • Peas. Snap Sugar Peas. Snow Peas. Anaheim Peppers. Sweet peppers. ...
  • Acorn Squash. Butternut Squash. Patti Pan Squash. Spaghetti Squash. Swede.

What are the 4 main types of vegetables? ›

Learn The 4 Types Of Vegetables: Root, Cruciferous, Greens & Nightshades.

How many different vegetables exist? ›

We can say that there are thousands. It is estimated that there are over 20,000 species of edible plants, but only 20 take part on the 90% of the ones we eat. The amount of vegetables we eat is negligible compared to what there is available. What to do then?

What are 5 benefits of eating vegetables? ›

A diet rich in vegetables and fruits can lower blood pressure, reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke, prevent some types of cancer, lower risk of eye and digestive problems, and have a positive effect upon blood sugar, which can help keep appetite in check.

What vegetables are best for skin? ›

Beta-carotene, found in orange fruit and vegetables such as carrots, sweet potatoes and pumpkins, and lutein, found in kale, papaya and spinach are both important for normal skin cell development and healthy skin tone.

Is potato a vegetable? ›

“Potatoes are put in the starchy vegetable category, due to the amount of carbohydrates they contain,” says Dunn. “But they are a type of vegetable and they contain plenty of vitamins and minerals.”

What is the longest fruit name? ›

#1 Bob Gordon American elderberry (moschatel family – Adoxaceae) The longest-named fruit is a cultivated variety of the American elderberry (Sambucus canadensis L.) This cultivar was developed upon a wild variety found near Osceola, Missouri.

What is a vegetable that starts with an N? ›

Include all the vegetables that start with letter N such as New Zealand spinach, napa cabbage, nopal and nori in your everyday healthy diet, as they are low in calories and high in nutrients.

What's a vegetable that starts with D? ›

Dill. More of a herb than a vegetable, dill has wispy, fernlike green leaves, which are a tasty addition to salad dressings, fish dishes and pickles.

What are the 7 basic methods of cooking vegetables? ›

Vegetable techniques
  • Boiling. Boiling is fast and easy to control. ...
  • Steaming. Steaming vegetables is the best way of retaining flavour, colour and vital nutrients. ...
  • Blanching. ...
  • Roasting. ...
  • Stir-frying. ...
  • Griddling.

What are the 5 uses of fruits? ›

The daily consumption of fresh fruits lowers the risk of strokes, high blood pressure, indigestion, cancer, heart disease, diabetes, and other chronic diseases. Some fruits like bananas contain vital chemicals such as potassium, which helps prevent strokes, high blood pressure, and anxiety.

Is Mushroom a vegetable? ›

Although mushrooms are classified as vegetables, technically they are not plants but part of the kingdom called fungi. However, they share some characteristics with plants and, as you will find out, even with animals! Mushrooms are low in calories, have virtually no fat and no cholesterol, and are very low in sodium.

What is the longest vegetable name? ›

Well, for a one word vegi, the longest name we came up with is Cauliflower.

What is a long green vegetable? ›

Spinach. Spinach is a popular leafy green vegetable with dark green, ovate leaves growing up to 12” (30 cm) long.

What are the most popular vegetables? ›

Vegetables
  • potatoes - 62%
  • tomatoes - 61%
  • onions - 57%
  • carrots - 51%
  • bell peppers - 46%
  • broccoli - 44%
  • cucumbers - 45%
  • salad mix - 44%

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